Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.
The first people to respond to a disaster are those living in the local community. They are the first to start rescue and relief operations. The Red Cross Society therefore focus on community-based disaster preparedness, which assists communities to reduce their vulnerability to disasters and strengthen their capacities to resist them.
The emergency phase of a relief operation aims to provide life-saving assistance; shelter, water, food and basic health care are the immediate needs; along with a sense of humanity and a sign that someone cares. Subsequent needs include reconstruction and rehabilitation. These needs can continue for several years, particularly in the case of refugees and victims of socio-economic collapse. IRCS approaches to disaster response on these lines and works to improve the quality of humanitarian assistance provided to beneficiaries. The Indian Red Cross Society has been equipping itself with its manpower and physical infrastructures for a nation-wide Disaster Preparedness/Disaster Response (DP/DR) programme.
Disaster preparedness refers to measures taken to prepare for and reduce the effects of disasters. That is, to predict and, where possible, prevent disasters, mitigate their impact on vulnerable populations, and respond to and effectively cope with their consequences.
The aim of disaster management training is to build the capacity of National Societies’ staff and volunteers, to improve preparedness and response at all levels before during and after disasters. The focus of disaster management training is generally on improving the technical skills of the participants, but also on personnel and team management. It aims to encourage an exchange of experience and knowledge and the creation of networks amongst the disaster managers. It also aims to improve coordination of disaster response and the quality and availability of disaster management tools. This training will generally include: Volunteer induction, Volunteer management ,Community based first aid (CBFA),Community based disaster management (CBDM),Participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST),Water and sanitation, Vulnerability and capacity assessment needs assessment training, Relief and distribution, Logistics management, State disaster response team (SDRT), Public health in emergencies, Food security and nutrition, IT/Telecommunications.
After the completion of the relief phase in order to restore the normal life to the victims of disaster programme for rehabilitation are undertaken like livelihood support programmes , permanent shelters , Child welfare & Nutrition Support Programme etc..
The IPCD programme sponsored by Canadian Red Cross supports the vulnerable by improving the capacity of the community to have a better quality of life after disaster . The activities in the project in the last four months have focused on the community infrastructure completion, health promotion and livelihoods development programmes.
Strengthening the livelihoods programme by providing linkages and tie ups and providing specific trade wise support has seen some CDG-RL women members making considerable progress towards becoming successful entrepreneurs.
120 Health Promoters (HPs) chosen from 12 villages have been trained, certified and equipped as active First Aiders in their communities. They have been disseminating first aid knowledge to their communities.
25 cyclone shelters have been constructed along with the coastal region in Tamil Nadu to provide succor to people in the event of cyclones and other emergencies.